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Response consists of actions taken when a hazard is imminent, occurring, or just occurred in an effort to save lives, property, and the environment. Actions include evacuating, taking shelter, securing food and water, search and rescue, addressing medical needs, and emergency debris removal to clear paths for aid. The length of time a community is considered to be in response varies greatly depending on the disaster. For example, the response period for a tornado typically lasts about three days whereas the response phase for a drought could last for many years.
Recovery consists of actions taken after the life-saving actions of the response phase have been completed. Restoration, rebuilding, and reshaping actions take place at this time. The recovery phase for very large disasters can stretch on for many years.
FBB’s Humanist Disaster Recovery program will only be involved in the recovery phase after a disaster.
Disaster response is coordinated by a strict system, under a plethora of federal, state, and local laws; even the Red Cross is a federally chartered organization with a mandate from the federal government to respond. FBB does not currently have a role in the national response system. If an opportunity presents itself where FBB can contribute to address the unmet needs of survivors during response, FBB will consider this opportunity.
Donations and volunteers tend to dry up after the reponse phase and after the media has moved on to the next event. The greatest need for money and man hours is during the recovery period after a disaster. Recovery phases can last for weeks, months, or even years after a disaster event. Because of this, FBB will focus its efforts where recovering communities need it most; which evidence supports is during the recovery phase.
FBB staff considers the following factors when determining if it is appropriate for to mobilize volunteers:
Location - Currently FBB only deploys to disasters within the United States in order to maximize the available resources.
Size and scope - Media saturation can distort the scope of an event, either making the event seem bigger or smaller than it is. FBB staff work to gain an accurate portrayal of the event by monitoring reports from residents, local government officials, and volunteer organizations already on the ground.
Amount and type of unmet needs - Sometimes an event may require a big response but require minimal recovery. For example, winter storms typically have a long response period but often don’t require outside recovery assistance. FBB will only deploy to a location when local governments and local voluntary organizations express the need for outside volunteers during the recovery period.
Involvement of partner organizations - FBB will only deploy to a disaster if All Hands and Hearts or one of our other pre-vetted secular partner organizations is on the ground and has established the capacity to host our volunteers.
Deployment volunteers may be asked to participate in a variety of tasks depending on the nature of the event, the needs of the community, and the individual skills of each volunteer. These tasks may include gutting homes, rebuilding homes, working at shelters, clearing debris, or helping in a food bank.
The short and long term recovery environment is dynamic, so volunteers should be prepared for their tasks to change with little notice if more pressing concerns arise that need immediate attention.
Evidence has shown that untrained volunteers cause complications for survivors and other workers. FBB disaster volunteers will have the preparation necessary to understand their role in the emergency management system.
At this time, volunteers will not receive training until it is confirmed they will be a part of a deployment. This will ensure that each person has conducted their trainings recently and are immediately prepared to participate. It will also allow for each individual to receive the most up to date revision of the training, as trainings will be consistently updated. FEMA and government rules and regulations change over time and the HDR program continues to develop.
Upon acceptance to participate in the deployment, volunteers will receive their training documents and will also receive an on-site orientation and review of their training on the first day of deployment.
Because there are no current national humanist recovery organizations, we have developed a primary partnership with All Hands and Heart: Smart Response (previously All Hands), a highly-qualified disaster recovery organization with over 12 years of experience. All Hands and Hearts works in the United States as well as overseas, organizing volunteer sites in several different areas at a time.
At this time, FBB does not have the funding, expertise, or resources to navigate a community impacted by disaster without assistance. All Hands and Hearts has years of experience, significant funding, and established relationships with the broader disaster recovery community.
FBB plans to develop our abilities to perform these functions over time.
Immediately after a disaster, FBB staff will select which partner organization the volunteers will work with throughout the duration of the deployment.
While on the ground, the point of contact between the partner and FBB will be the FBB Deployment Leader.
Each volunteer will receive training on how to think like a humanist when they are working alongside survivors. In this training, it is emphasized that volunteers understand that the experience belongs to the survivor, and that the volunteer can best understand the needs of the survivor by listening to them, taking them seriously, and being the extra hands they need to complete the list of tasks before them.
FBB staff reviews all applications upon submission and divides applicants by region. Volunteers are chosen based upon proximity and availability, although some with specialized skills may be asked to travel despite their proximity to a disaster. Although “proximity” will often rely on previously defined FEMA regions, it will remain a relative term, defined by the scope of the disaster, and need for additional volunteers.
It is critical that volunteers do not deploy before the volunteer coordinating systems are in place in the impacted area (e.g., accommodations and organizations to feed volunteers). Spontaneous volunteers that show up in impacted areas before these systems are in place are a major hindrance to first responders and other organizations working to meet the immediate needs of survivors. FBB will not deploy volunteers until after All Hands and Hearts gives us a confirmation of deployment, which can one to several weeks after a disaster has occurred. All disaster volunteers affiliated with FBB’s deployment must wait until they have confirmation that the volunteer system is prepared to receive them before deploying.
Volunteers will not have to pay for their accommodations, breakfast, lunch, snacks and drinks at the worksite, work vests, and equipment at the work site. These items are covered by either FBB or All Hands and Hearts.
All Hands and Hearts does not provide food on rest days, but this may be provided by FBB depending on our resources for each particular deployment.
Each individual will need to pay for their travel to the housing location from their home and dinner each evening, unless these items are able to be supplemented by FBB or All Hands and Hearts.
At this time, volunteers must provide their own transportation. Carpooling is available from the volunteer housing location to the work site. FBB or All Hands and Hearts may have resources during some deployments to supplement travel for those who need assistance, but it is not guaranteed to be available.